Courts have existed nearly as long as governments. However, in all of history, perhaps no court system is as complex as the courts system in the United States. This is partially by intent and partially by evolution.
The United States Constitution creates a framework for courts, providing that a Supreme Court would rule the land so that all disputed matters could have a finality. This would also prevent individual states, which at that time were viewed as sovereign entities bound by mutual agreement, from warring against each other should a dispute arise.
Further, the system already in place at that time involved such concepts as common law, the jury system, and the adversarial process. These were kept and various additional protections and systems introduced to further ensure that in the ideal, the courts in America would continually mete out justice. Although the system continues under fire as largely failing in this regard, such a judgment may be somewhat harsh.
In these pages, we will explore the various courts in the nation along with issues directly related to the courts.