Most will agree that without enforcers of the law, the law can never ensure justice. Of course, the law (and law enforcement) can overstep and trample justice. There is a balance which is tenuous at best. So effort by all affected by the criminal justice and judicial system is needed.

This section of pages are here to…

  • Help students of criminal justice learn effective policing
  • Improve relations between police and the public
  • Teach the public how to deal with Police without incident
  • Help Police connect with the public they serve
  • Help Defense Attorney’s locate useful tools related to police and investigations

A Brief History of Modern Police

In this section of the site you will find tools for raising awareness of issues related to law enforcement/police. We strive to neither elevate nor denigrate law enforcement, but rather educate. 

During the early years of America, the Massachussetts Colony had already implemented what would become police. In the late 1600s, Boston was little more than a small village. Yet, the founders recognized the need for someone to hold watch during the night, largely for fires, but really any emergency. Each citizen was required a turn at the night watch but eventually, wealthier citizens began to hire others to take their place. In this way, the idea of paying for sentinels over cities was born.

However, it would be slightly more than 150 years later before modern policing as we know it would come to be. 

Sir Robert Peel was born to textile manufacturer/politician Sir Robert Peel. By the age of 21, he had already been admitted to the House of Commons. Early on, he distinguished himself as a strong conservative who held to very liberal beliefs. He also strove to bring both the Tory’s and the Whig’s together on a number of issues including legal supression of Catholics. However, Peel ultimately reversed his position in favor of maintaining peace in society. At some point, he formed very clear notions regarding the need for government to provide civil protections…police as they would be called.

In 1829, Peel was serving under the Duke of Wellington in the English Cabinet as Home Secretary. It was then that he was able to persuade the Parliament to create the London Metropolitan Police. These police would come to be known as Bobbies in reference to Peel’s first name, Robert. 

CriminalJusticeLaw.org Believes in Justice and the Role of Enforcement in Reaching that Goal

By the time Sir Robert Peel introduced London to his police force, he had already carefully instructed all to befriend the public. One of the key tenents promoted by Peel was the idea that the police were fellow citizens. This, he believed would provide the police with proper zeal to protect neighbors while preventing abuse.

Some police well illustrate that ideal while others to be sure do not.

A large part of this section of CriminalJusticeLaw.org is to present arguments and tools to better connect the public to law enforcement, to work together to achieve justice. Many in the public today seem to view law enforcement as the enemy while many in law enforcement view the public as such. This must end. 

Police are the public and the public must be as vigilent against injustice and lawlessness as the citizens Boston Watch nearly 400 years ago. – c j oakes

The Following Sections make up this part of CriminalJusticeLaw.org…

Law Enforcement Essays

Research Tools/Lists/Links

At present, we have lists of every police agency in the United States, Federal, state, local, and otherwise. Click on the link below to be taken to the primary list, from which you may narrow your viewing.

Police Agencies List

Technology, Current and Future

No one can deny the extent to which technology has advanced the ability of police to apprehend suspected criminals. No one can deny the ability of technology to bring about both justice and injustice. The rightness or wrongness of technology in law enforcement has much to do with the individuals involved in the process. 

In these pages, we explore the technologies that make cases along with concepts for breaking them. The goal here is to develop tools which can be readily used by defense attorney’s the world over to fight claims of guilt using technology.

In addition, we explore how technology can be used by law enforcement to better protect society. 

Forensics, Crime Labs, and MEs

 Coming soon (we hope) will be listings of all the forensics/crime labs and all the Medical Examiner’s/Coroners offices nationwide. Eventually, we should like to extend this to the entire globe. The goal is to provide a comprehensive listing/directory of every existing/known lab in a single place.

Future Law Enforcement Sections

What the future of this section of pages brings is up to our readers. If you have an idea or something you would like to contribute, get in touch. 

Our goal at CriminalJusticeLaw.org is to be a balancing force for justice. This means that we provide whatever is needed to help communities and police work together to

  1. apprehend criminals and
  2. help suspects defend themselves

Essentially, we expect to put in the following pages…

Arrests/Arrest Warrants 

Auxiliary police

Chief of police

Clearance rate

Cold cases

Community policing



Crime mapping

Criminal intelligence

Detention of suspects

History of Policing


  • Automated Fingerprint Identification System
  • Ballistics
  • Bloodstain pattern analysis
  • CSI Effect
  • Computer forensics
  • Crime scene
  • DNA analysis
  • Fingerprinting
  • Fire investigation
  • Forensic accounting
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic databases
  • Forensic engineering
  • Forensic entomology
  • Forensic genetics
  • Forensic odontology
  • Forensic palynology
  • Forensic pathology
  • Forensic psychiatry
  • Forensic psychology
  • Forensic toxicology
  • Information forensics
  • National DNA database
  • Questioned document examination
  • Serology
  • Taphonomy
  • Vehicular accident reconstruction
  • Trace evidence

Highway Patrol

International Association Chiefs of Police



Law enforcement agencies in the United States

Law Enforcement agencies, International

Police Officer

Problem-oriented policing

Racial profiling


Let us know what you think is needed and we’ll get to work on it.

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