Crime has been an issue negatively impacting justice for humans since the founding of the first cities. The Code of Hammurabi is considered the oldest law code and in that document are specific penalties for a manner of serious crimes. The fact that such laws existed indicates the crimes already existed.
In this section of pages we seek to explore the data related to crime along with the theories. We feature essays related to crime and links to important sites for anyone doing research about crime. Currently, you will find…
- Clearing Up the Confusion of Personal Crime
- Data Sets
- Crime Rates for Top 100 U.S. Cities
- Top 100 City Crime Rates as % to Population
- U. S. Murders: Top 500 Cities
- U. S. Murders: Top 500 Cities as % to Population
- U. S. Violent Crime: Top 500 Cities
- U. S. Violent Crime: Top 500 Cities % to Population
- Five Crimes of the Times: Drugs, Money Laundering, Terrorism, Human Trafficking, and Cyber-Crime
- The Cause of Crime is Elementary Dear Watson
- Understanding Organized Crime through Two Models
Coming soon to CriminalJusticeLaw.org/crime…
- Crime, History – Crime is recorded in the earliest records of history. Humanity, it seems, is built upon the clash between the forces of good and forces of bad. History does not judge between the two, but presents the facts. Let the reader decide which is which.
- Crime in Literature – As long as there has been literature, someone has been writing about crime and criminals in society. Of course, the definitions of both terms change throughout, demonstrating the fluid nature of justice.
- Crime Prevention – We shall attempt to present crime prevention techniques for a variety of scenarios and situations. Ideally, any scenario someone worldwide may daily face. (We may need the help of readers here.)
- Crime-related Works – Especially since around the mid-1800s a multitude of crime-related works of literature have been published. In these pages we will review current and provide access to older works as we locate them.
- Crime Timelines – The publisher of this website loves timelines. So expect timelines as soon as possible.
- Crime Victims – We seldom hear about the victims of crime. This is to be expected. Victims generally like to forget the event, which means staying away from media and interviews. Still, some are willing to tell their stories and when possible, we will include these here.
- Crime Writers – Just as there have been literary works, there have been influential writers. Their biographies will be included here.
- Crime Witnesses – Some witnesses of crime have gained notoriety. In these pages, we will include information related to the event and why this witness played such a key role.
- Crime data – Criminal Justice and Law researchers study data to understand trends. The goal is to develop hypotheses regarding some element of the justice system. These hypotheses are then studied further. Generally, there are several aspects of crime data which are collected and studied. These are
In addition, the following crime surveys and reports will be made available to readers of CriminalJusticeLaw.org. We will present the entire report along with reviews and reconfigurations of the data for better examination of certain elements.
- NCVS – National Crime Victimization Survey
- NIBRS – National Incident Based Reporting System
- UCR – Uniform Crime Reports
Types of Crime
The purpose of this section is to help students of criminal justice and law gain an understanding and appreciation for the various criminal offenses their clients may face. We will be including information related to cases. The U.S. Supreme Court, the CJEU, and similar institutions have provided excellent arguments related to criminal law defenses. Generally, the types of crime are:
We will be adding crime-specific information as well to include but not limited to the following crimes…
- Aggravated assault
- Assault (Simple)
- Blue Collar
- Computer Crimes
- Crimes against children
- Crimes against women
- Crimes against seniors
- Disorderly conduct
- Domestic violence
- Driving under the influence
- Drug abuse violations
- Hate Crime
- Human trafficking
- Illegal Occupation
- Juvenile Crime
- Motor vehicle theft
- Organized Crime
- Political Crime
- Public Order Crime
- Prison-Related Crime
- Sex offense
- State Crime
- Violent Crime
- White-Collar Crime
Without criminals, there would be no crime. For better or worse, the world will always have criminals. Some criminals make themselves famous. It could be that this is their goal. Others become examples to avoid and perhaps that is their goal.
In these pages, we will include biographies and information related to capital punishment in the United States and the world. Information related to the wrongfully convicted will be included for a couple of great reasons: a) so society can learn from their examples and b) to provide acting and future criminal defense attorneys with fodder for making better cases in court.
- Biographies of Infamous Criminals
- Executions in the U.S.
- Executions, History
- Executions, International
- Wrongfully Convicted
Biographies of Key Persons – Organized crime bosses are at times flamboyant, making themselves heroes of the people. At other times, they are very private, family-oriented people. Many have become known, some have become famous, and a few have turned legend. Here we present the Organized Crime bosses who have made an impact on criminal justice and law in America and the world.
Criminal Subcultures – Each criminal enterprise develops its own culture. Whether the group develops into a major player or remains small, there are certain similarities between all. The various criminal subcultures will be explored, especially with a view to uncovering better ways to defend members when necessary.
Drug War-Related – There is no denying the role the drug war has played in growing organized crime. The laws created the framework, the enforcement built on that, and the judiciary has reinforced the ‘us versus them’ dichotomy needed for such groups to form. Some of the groups we will explore here include…
- Latin Kings
- Black Mafia (Philadelphia)
- Mexican Mafia
- Nigerian Crime Groups
- Policy Kings
- Russian Mafia
- Street Gangs
- And more
Extremism/Fanatical Groups/Terrorism – Terrorism has been treated as something novel, new in recent years, yet the concept dates well into the past. In these pages, we will examine current criminal terrorist groups as well as groups which are no longer active. Some of the current groups include…
- Domestic Terrorist Groups
In History – Any other history related to organized crime that does not fit into the above categories will be included here.
Theories of Organized Crime (see Criminology)